Automating API Testing with Postman Collections and Newman

API testing is a critical part of the software development process, ensuring that your APIs work as expected. While manually testing APIs is valuable, automation can significantly improve efficiency and reliability. In this guide, we’ll explore how to automate API testing using Postman Collections and Newman, a command-line companion tool. We’ll provide code examples to help you get started.

Why Automate API Testing?

Automating API testing offers several advantages:

  • Consistency: Automated tests consistently follow predefined test cases, reducing human error.
  • Efficiency: Automated tests can be run quickly and repeatedly, saving time and resources.
  • Reusability: Test scripts can be reused for different environments and configurations.
  • Continuous Integration: Automated tests can be integrated into CI/CD pipelines to catch issues early.


Before we dive into automating API testing with Postman and Newman, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  1. Postman: You should have Postman installed. If not, download it from the official website.
  2. Newman: Install Newman globally using npm (Node Package Manager) by running npm install -g newman in your terminal.

Creating a Postman Collection

Postman Collections allow you to group related API requests together. Here’s how to create one:

  1. Open Postman: Launch the Postman application.
  2. Create a Collection: Click on the “New” button in the top left corner and select “Collection.”
  3. Name Your Collection: Give your collection a meaningful name, such as “API Tests.”
  4. Add Requests: Open requests you want to include in your collection and click the “Save” button. Choose the collection you just created.

Writing Tests in Postman

Before we automate API testing, it’s crucial to write tests for your requests. Open a request from your collection, go to the “Tests” tab, and write JavaScript code to validate the API response. Here’s an example that checks the response status code:

You can write various tests to validate the response data, headers, and more.

Automating API Testing with Newman

Now, let’s automate the testing process using Newman. Newman allows you to run Postman Collections from the command line. This is especially useful for integrating API tests into your CI/CD pipelines.

Here’s how to run a collection with Newman:

  1. Export Your Collection: Before using Newman, export your Postman Collection to a JSON file. In Postman, select your collection, click “Export,” and choose the JSON format.
  2. Open Terminal: Open your terminal or command prompt.
  3. Run Newman: Use the following command to run your collection with Newman:

Replace path/to/your-collection.json with the actual path to your exported collection JSON file.

  1. View Test Results: Newman will execute the collection and display the test results in your terminal. You’ll see if each request passed or failed.

Automating Tests in CI/CD Pipelines

Integrating Newman into your CI/CD pipeline automates API testing every time you push code changes. You can add a script to your CI/CD configuration to run Newman after your application builds and deploys. For example, in a Jenkins pipeline, you can add a stage like this:

This ensures that your API tests are executed automatically, helping catch and resolve issues early in the development process.


Automating API testing with Postman Collections and Newman streamlines the testing process, improves reliability, and allows for integration into CI/CD pipelines. By following the steps outlined in this guide and writing comprehensive tests for your API requests, you can enhance the quality and robustness of your software applications. Automation ensures that your APIs work as expected even as your codebase evolves, ultimately delivering a better experience for users.

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